Volume 80, Issue 9 (December 2022)                   Tehran Univ Med J 2022, 80(9): 737-745 | Back to browse issues page

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Kouchek M, Taherpour N, Miri M, Asadpour R, Ilbeygi F, Shojaei S P et al . The evaluation of the awareness level of patients with hemorrhagic stroke about their hypertension possibility and use of antihypertensive drugs. Tehran Univ Med J 2022; 80 (9) :737-745
URL: http://tumj.tums.ac.ir/article-1-12036-en.html
1- Department of Critical Care Medicine, Emam Hossein Medical and Educational Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
2- Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
3- Department of Clinical Pharmacy, School of Pharmacy, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
4- Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. | Department of Clinical Pharmacy, School of Pharmacy, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Abstract:   (250 Views)
Background: Hypertension is an important and controllable risk factor for heart diseases, stroke, renal failure and peripheral vascular disease. The aim of this study was to determine the level of awareness of patients with hemorrhagic stroke to control blood pressure and to provide solutions to improve patients’ awareness.
Methods: This study is a descriptive cross-sectional study that was conducted to evaluate the knowledge of patients with hemorrhagic stroke about the use of antihypertensives. The study population consists of all patients with hemorrhagic stroke, who were admitted to the intensive care unit of Imam Hossein Hospital in Tehran from September 2020 to March 2021. Data related to blood pressure awareness and drug history was completed by the researcher through the method of direct contact with the patients or their relatives. In this study, 17 patients diagnosed with hemorrhagic stroke due to hypertension who were admitted to the intensive care unit of Imam Hossein Hospital in Tehran, were included. The extent of the exact treatment adherence was assessed using the Morisky questionnaire.
Results: In this study, the median of patients age was 67 and 10 (58.82%) of them were women. The median systolic and diastolic blood pressures were 170 and 95 mmHg on admission. 4(23.53%) subjects were not aware of the disease. Out of 13 people who were aware of their hypertension, 11(64.71%) were under the supervision of a physician. However, 7(63.64%) of the subjects, despite being under the supervision of a physician and acceptable drug adherence, did not have controlled blood pressure and expired.
Conclusion: This study is a warning for patients and health care providers to pay more attention to blood pressure control. Furthermore, educating the community as well as medical staff about the importance of timely diagnosis and accurate treatment of hypertension is highly recommended.
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