Volume 61, Issue 1 (13 2003)                   Tehran Univ Med J 2003, 61(1): 24-30 | Back to browse issues page

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Gharagosloo M, Khalili S, Hallaj Mofrad M, Karimi B, Honartnand M, Jafari H et al . Asthma, Allergic Rhinitis And Atopic Eczema In Schoolchildren Kashan (1998 -1999). Tehran Univ Med J 2003; 61 (1) :24-30
URL: http://tumj.tums.ac.ir/article-1-1207-en.html
Abstract:   (26450 Views)
Wide variations in the prevalence of asthma, allergic rhinitis and eczema have been reported in the world, between regions and countries. The international study of asthma and allergies in childhood (ISAAC) was developed to provide standardized method to ascertain the prevalence of asthma and allergies in different regions. Comparisons of prevalence rates across geographic regions may help to identify factors that influence the development of these conditions in individuals.
Methods and Materials: For doing this descriptive study the ISAAC written questionnaire was completed by the parents of 3000 school children aged 6-7 years in Kashan, the central area of Iran, with different geographic and cultural characteristics, during the fall of 1998.
Results: The overall cumulative and 12 month prevalence of wheezing were 10.2 percent, 6.9 percent in the girls and 18.2 percent, 13.1 percent in the boys respectively. The prevalence of doctor diagnosed asthma were 1.3 percent and 2.2 percent in the girls and boys. Rhinitis symptoms were reported by 14,7 percent, 16.9 percent and chronic pruritic rashes by 5.1 percent and 8.3 percent of the girls and boys respectively.
Conclusion: Allergic disorders are common in this area and prevalence is comparable to other parts of Iran and many other countries. Prevalence of asthma by medical diagnosis is relatively low with respect to other studies performed with the same methodology.
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