Volume 80, Issue 10 (January 2023)                   Tehran Univ Med J 2023, 80(10): 780-788 | Back to browse issues page

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Jahanshahi A, Kheradmand A, Zakerkish M, Rashidi H, Goudarzian Khozani N. Success of gonadotropin replacement therapy in men with hypogonadotropin hypogonadism in urology and endocrinology clinics of Golestan Hospital in Ahvaz. Tehran Univ Med J 2023; 80 (10) :780-788
URL: http://tumj.tums.ac.ir/article-1-12150-en.html
1- Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran. , jahanshahi-a@ajums.ac.ir
2- Department of Urology, School of Medicine, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.
3- Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.
Abstract:   (521 Views)
Background: The treatment of male hypogonadotropic hypogonadism leading to infertility in men and caused by gonadotropin is the subject of the current thesis. In this research, particularly, the fertility rate has been noticed. However, changes in the secondary traits of testes size, induction of spermatogenesis, and hormonal activity have also been considered. this project is to investigate the effectiveness of the mentioned treatment in creating fertility in the spouses of patients and comparing it with other researches conducted in other centers of the world.
Methods: In this retrospective and descriptive-analytical study, men with isolated hypogonadotropic hypogonadism based on the normality of other pituitary axes who had a tendency to be fertile were studied. From November 2017 to February 2020, these patients had been referred to the doctor at the endocrinology and urology clinics of Ahvaz for fertility purposes. The initial test was based on clinical examinations and testosterone measurement and sperm count for the patients was recorded after the treatment. The treated patients simultaneously received HMG 75 units every other day (three times a week) and HCG 5000 units every other day. Hormonal evaluation and clinical examinations were assessed again.
Results: This research showed that the size of the testicles increased in 54.8% of these patients. Secondary characteristics (secondary hair growth) were developed in 88.9% of the patients. Spermatogenesis induction occurred in 36 patients, 29 of whom became fathers. Meanwhile, in 67.3% of patients, sexual desire and in 69.4% of them hormonal activity increased. In addition, it was observed that the response time to replacement therapy is more than 12 months in 47.5% of the patients. Moreover, 6.6% of the study samples had used assisted reproductive methods.
Conclusion: The results of this research indicate the timely initiation of treatment to improve infertility and treat hypogonadism among men.According to the results, it seems that the use of HMG and HCG in the treatment of hypogonadotropic hypogonadism disease is effective in creating secondary sexual characteristics and increasing hormonal activity and fertility.
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