Volume 67, Issue 3 (5 2009)                   Tehran Univ Med J 2009, 67(3): 196-201 | Back to browse issues page

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R B, SZ H, M R, MR K, A S. The role of ultrasonographic guided transthoracic needle biopsy in diagnosis of peripheral lung mass. Tehran Univ Med J 2009; 67 (3) :196-201
URL: http://tumj.tums.ac.ir/article-1-471-en.html
Abstract:   (6296 Views)

Normal 0 false false false EN-GB X-NONE AR-SA MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 Background: Transthoracic needle biopsy is a well established method for obtaining pathologic diagnosis in the lung mass that performed after a previous negative bronocoscopy. The goal of this study is evaluation of the safety and accuracy of ultrasonographic guided transthoracic needle biopsy for diagnosing peripheral lung mass.
Methods: In a descriptive and prospective study from September 2005, 30 patients with peripheral lung mass with greater than 3cm in diameter and less than 5cm distance through the chest wall, underwent ultrasonographic guided transthoracic needle biopsy and it's diagnostic accuracy and complications were analyzed.
Results: The male to female ratio was two to one, the average age of the patients was 61.2 years and 60% of the lesions were located in right side. Adequate biopsy specimens were obtained in all patients, but transthoracic needle biopsy was diagnostic in 86.6% and 13.3% patients because doubtful diagnosis, who underwent thoracotomy for definitive diagnosis. From these four (13%) patient who needed thoracotomy definitive diagnosis were organized embolism, granulomatouse tuberculosis, bronchoalveolar carcinoma, and metastatic adenocarsinoma. Pathological diagnosis were malignant lesion in 83.3% that squamouse cell carcinoma and adenocarcinoma were the most common malignancies and benign lesions were found in 16.6% that granulomatouse tuberculosis was the most common lesion. Complications were observed in 13.3% that included pneumothorax (6.6%) and hemoptysis (6.6%) that managed medically. No cases of mortality were observed.
Conclusion: Transthoracic needle biopsy with ultrasonographic guide due to appropriale diagnostic accuracy and low complication rate with low cost and availability is recommended for the diagnosis of peripheral lung mass.

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