Volume 66, Issue 10 (4 2009)                   Tehran Univ Med J 2009, 66(10): 721-728 | Back to browse issues page

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S D, SA T, MH F, M B, E N, J G, et al . Risk factors of knee osteoarthritis, WHO-ILAR-COPCORD study. Tehran Univ Med J. 2009; 66 (10) :721-728
URL: http://tumj.tums.ac.ir/article-1-531-en.html
Abstract:   (4826 Views)

Background: To evaluate the association between age, sex, BMI, waist/hip ratio, smoking, religion, ethnicity, education and knee osteoarthritis.

Methods: Eligible subjects were randomly included from participants of Tehran COPCORD study, of whom 480 subjects with knee osteoarthritis were compared to 490 subjects without (case-control study). Using a questionnaire developed by COPCORD group (Asia & Oceania), we enquired about the risk factors of knee osteoarthritis i.e. age, sex, BMI, Waist/Hip ratio, religion, ethnicity, education and smoking. Knee osteoarthritis was defined using ACR criteria. Each knee was unit of analysis using GEE technique to evaluate these associations.

Results: Age (OR 1.096 CI95%: 1.091-1.1 P: 0.00) and sex (OR 2.85 CI95%: 2.49-3.28 P: 0.00) showed significant association with knee osteoarthritis. Overweight (OR 1.81 CI95%: 1.28-2.55 P: 0.00) and obesity (OR 3.3 CI95%: 2.34-4.66 P: 0.00) both showed higher risk for knee osteoarthritis. The association between waist/hip ratio and knee osteoarthritis showed an OR of 5.28, CI95%: 0.89-31.44 P: 0.07. However, this association was only borderline significant. People with different religion or ethnicity and smokers had no extra risks for knee osteoarthritis. Higher education is a protective factor for knee osteoarthritis as people who had university education compared to people with no/primary education showed a lower risk for knee osteoarthritis (OR 0.54 CI95%: 0.38-0.78 P: 0.00).

Conclusions: Our study confirmed that elderly, females, overweight and obese people are at higher risk to develop knee osteoarthritis as found in western societies. Higher education is a protective factor against knee osteoarthritis. Ethnicity, religion and smoking showed no extra risk of knee osteoarthritis.

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