Volume 67, Issue 10 (1-2010)                   Tehran Univ Med J 2010, 67(10): 712-717 | Back to browse issues page

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Ghafarnegad M, Arjmand N, Khazaeipour Z. Pregnancy rate of gonadotrophin therapy and laparoscopic ovarian electrocautery in polycystic ovary syndrome resistant to clomiphene citrate: a comparative study . Tehran Univ Med J. 2010; 67 (10) :712-717
URL: http://tumj.tums.ac.ir/article-1-5594-en.html
1- Department of Obstetric & Gynecology, Mirza Kuchak khan Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran.
2- MPH. Preventive and Community Medicine, Research Development Center of Imam Khomeini Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran. , khazaeipour@razi.tums.ac.ir
Abstract:   (5595 Views)
Background: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common cause of ovulation insufficiency and then infertility. Therapeutic options to induce ovulation in anovulatory PCOS patients are clomiphene citrate, metformin, tamoxifen, dopamine agonists (bromocriptin), Gonadotrophin and laparoscopic ovarian electrocautery (LOE). Gonadotrophin and LOE are important options in anovulatory clomiphene citrate-resistant patients with PCOS. Literature data regarding compare of the efficacy of these two treatments are few. Therefore we aimed to study the pregnancy rates of these treatments in infertile clomiphene citrate-resistant patients with PCOS. Methods: A randomized clinical trial study was carried out in infertile clomiphene citrate-resistant patients with PCOS, referred to infertility clinic of Mirza Koochackhan Hospital of Tehran University of Medical Science in Tehran, Iran, between 2003 and 2008. Results: A total of 100 patients women were randomly allocated in two groups. There were no differences in age and pimary and secondary infertility duration. In LOE treatment group, eight cases (16%) were pregnant and all delivered at term. in gonadotrophin treatment 14 cases (28%) were pregnant, 10 cases (20%) delivered at term but four cases aborted. The cost in gonadotrophin treatment was significantly more than laparoscopic ovarian diathermy (p<0.001). In logistic regression analysis, age, BMI, cost and kind of treatment had no significant effect on pregnancy rate. Conclusions: Pregnancy and abortion rate in gonadotrophin treatment was more than LOE but the difference was not significant. More studies are needed.
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