Volume 75, Issue 3 (June 2017)                   Tehran Univ Med J 2017, 75(3): 208-218 | Back to browse issues page

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Ebrahimi K, Salarilak S, Khadem Vatan K. Determine the burden of myocardial infarction . Tehran Univ Med J. 2017; 75 (3) :208-218
URL: http://tumj.tums.ac.ir/article-1-8098-en.html
1- Department of Epidemiology, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran.
2- Department of Public Health, Tabriz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz, Iran. , salari@iaut.ac.ir
3- Department of Cardiology, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran.
Abstract:   (2520 Views)

Background: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the most common cause of death in the world that is mostly due to vascular disease. Myocardial infarction (MI) is the most lethal form of coronary heart disease Which is increasing in developing countries. This study was done to calculate and compare lost years of life due to death and disability for the most important cause of death (myocardial infarction) in the studied population.

Methods: This cross-sectional study was carried out in Urmia university of Medical Sciences in Western Azerbaijan Province, Iran during 2012 to 2013. Confirmation of the occurrence of myocardial Infarction in hospitalized patients was based on clinical symptoms, changes in electrocardiogram and increases of cardiac enzymes (CK-M Band Troponin). The burden of health from Myocardial Infarction was calculated- using the disability adjusted life years index (DALY). The morbidity data of MI was collected from myocardial infarction Registration System Department of Health, and mortality data were extracted based on death registration ICD10 (I 20-25).

Results: The total occurrence of MI was 7235 patients (60.6% men and 39.4% women) with the mean ages of 69±15 years. Number of disability adjusted life years (DALY) caused by MI was 53804 years (17.7 per thousand people) and the portion of early death Years of Life Lost (YLL) due to premature death was 52170 years (17.1 per thousand people), and Years of Life Lost (YLD) due to disability resulting from the disease was 1634 years (0.54 per thousand people). The disease burden in men was more than in women, and the greatest burden was in the age group of 80 and above in both sexes. Prevalence rate of the MI was estimated 376 (Per hundred thousand people) and the MI accounted for 18.8% of all causes of death.

Conclusion: The high burden of myocardial infarction, especially in men, raises the incidence of Myocardial Infarction a health priority and the need for proper planning in order to take effective measures for the prevention and treatment.

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Type of Study: Original Article |

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