Volume 75, Issue 3 (June 2017)                   Tehran Univ Med J 2017, 75(3): 219-227 | Back to browse issues page

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Akbari R, Aghili M. Analysis of the effective factors in physician’s truth telling to cancer patients in Iran. Tehran Univ Med J. 2017; 75 (3) :219-227
URL: http://tumj.tums.ac.ir/article-1-8099-en.html
1- Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran.
2- Department of Radiotrapy and Oncology, Radiation Oncology Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. , aghili@tums.ac.ir
Abstract:   (2613 Views)

Background: Cancer is a major life-threatening disease that can evoke deep-rooted fear of death and sense of loss of hope. Even the word, cancer, has powerful connotations of anxiety, pain and suffering. Cancer has a great impact on patients’ lives, so the extent to which physicians should inform them of the diagnosis poses a difficult decision in clinical settings. Therefore, truth telling is one of the most important issues in patients- physicians’ relationship. Besides the ethical aspect, telling or not telling the truth has some legal aspects, therefore, it is important to know the effective factors and understand how to deal with this issue especially for incurable diseases such as cancer. Therefore, the aim of this research was to analyses the effective factors in physician’s truth telling to cancer-patients.

Methods: The samples of this descriptive and analytical study, (survey study) consist of 161 cancer-specialists from Tehran University of Medical Sciences who have been selected by simple random sampling method in 2015 and 2016. The data was obtained by survey approach and the data collected using a questionnaire. In order to evaluate the validity and reliability of the research, expert’s opinion and Cronbach alpha coefficient have been used. The questionnaire included scales designed to measure attitude, intention, subjective norms; perceived behavior control. Statistical package for social science software (SPSS) were used to analyses the data. T-test and ANOVA were used to compare groups.

Results: Fifty-nine hudred percent male and 41% female physicians took part in this study. The average age of the participants was 43.4±11.27 years. The best person for truth-telling was physician and psychologist. Results showed that there was no significant difference between attitudes of male and female specialist but there was significant difference between oncologist and non-oncologist tendency to tell the truth. Results also showed that there was difference between physician’s behaviors (average 8.87). There was difference between behavior of private and public-private sectors physicians (62.8).

Conclusion: Although the results show that there are differences in specialists’ attitude toward truth telling, it is not a good reason for not telling the truth. Although the physicians should consider several factors when telling the truth.

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Type of Study: Original Article |

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