Volume 75, Issue 10 (January 2018)                   Tehran Univ Med J 2018, 75(10): 745-751 | Back to browse issues page

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Shafai S, Moslemi E, Mohammadi M, Esfahani K, Izadi A. Expression of KLK2 gene in prostate cancer. Tehran Univ Med J 2018; 75 (10) :745-751
URL: http://tumj.tums.ac.ir/article-1-8477-en.html
1- Department of Biology, Islamic Azad University, Damghan Branch, Damghan, Iran.
2- Department of Biology, Islamic Azad University, East Tehran Branch, Tehran, Iran. , elham_moslemi60@yahoo.com
3- Department of Bioprocess Engineering, Institute of Industrial and Environmental Biotechnology, National Institute of Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology (NIGEB), Tehran, Iran.
4- Department of Plant Bioproducts, Institute of Agricultural Biotechnology, National Institute of Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology (NIGEB), Tehran, Iran.
5- Young Researcher and Elite Club, Islamic Azad University, East Tehran Branch, Tehran, Iran.
Abstract:   (3821 Views)
Background: Prostate cancer is one of the most common diseases that affect men. Although prostate cancer is not the fatal flaw in most cases, detection of effective factors for early diagnosis and treatment is essential. Research results have shown that the use of KLK2 plus PSA can be a good biomarker for diagnosing prostate cancer. During prostate cancer, expression of KLK2 gene increases which can be used as a prostate cancer biomarker. The aim of this study is an assessment of KLK2 gene expression as a potential factor in the prostate cancer diagnosis.
Methods: In this case study, 50 prostate cancer urine samples from patients and 50 urine samples from normal individuals who were referred to Mehr Hospital of Tehran (from December 2014 to February 2016) were obtained and stored in the central research laboratory of Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, till tests were being done. The age of collected samples between the 46 up to 71 years. RNA of samples were extracted, and then cDNA was synthesized by using M-MuLV enzyme, Oligo dt, and Random hexamer primers. KLK2 specific primers designed by Primer Express software, version 3.0 (Applied Biosystems, Foster City, CA, USA), and KLK2 gene expression evaluated by using ∆∆ct methods.
Results: In comparison with patients and normal sample`s gene expression, the mean increase expression of KLK2 gene in patients less than 50 years was 2.32 and in patients more than 50 years, it was 5.79, P<0.0001. In addition, gene expression results with respect to GS (Gleason grading system) classification shown that patients with GS6 had the lowest gene expression (3.40) and in the patients with GS8, had the highest gene expression (10.74) in comparison with normal group (P<0.0001).
Conclusion: The expression of KLK2 gene in people with prostate cancer is the higher than the healthy person; finally, according to the results, it could be mentioned that the KLK2 gene considered as a useful factor in prostate cancer, whose expression is associated with progression and development of the prostate cancer.
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