Volume 76, Issue 1 (April 2018)                   Tehran Univ Med J 2018, 76(1): 58-66 | Back to browse issues page

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Zangeneh F Z, Naghizadeh M M, Bagheri M. Comparing life style of patients with polycystic ovary syndrome and normal women. Tehran Univ Med J. 2018; 76 (1) :58-66
URL: http://tumj.tums.ac.ir/article-1-8670-en.html
1- Vali-e-Asr Reproductive Health Research Center, Imam Khomeini Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. , zangeneh14@gmail.com
2- Noncommunicable Diseases Research Center, Fasa University of Medical Sciences, Fasa, Iran.
3- Department of Reproductive Health, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Abstract:   (2531 Views)
Background: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is one of the most common neuroendocrine-metabolic disorders at the infertile age. Patients with PCO often at risk for secondary complications including metabolic difficulties (impaired glucose tolerance, insulin resistance, type 2 diabetes mellitus), reproductive (hirsutism, hypeandrogenism, infertility) and psychological features (worsened quality of life, anxiety, depression). Studies of the past decade suggest that the quality of life is important in the improvement of this syndrome. The purpose of this study was to provide an accurate pattern in the lifestyle of these women.
Methods: This case-control study was conducted to assess the lifestyle of patients with polycystic ovary syndrome who referred to Vali-e-Asr Infertile Clinic of Imam Khomeini Hospital, Tehran, from March to February 2015. After filling the consent form, 168 women participated in this study with the age range of 20-40 years and the body mass index (BMI) less than 28 m2/kg. The dimensions of lifestyle in this study were evaluated by the following questionnaires: general qualities of life (GHQ-28), Pittsburgh sleep quality, depression-anxiety-stress (DASS-42) and researcher-made demographic questionnaire.
Results: The mean of BMI and weight in study group were higher than control group (P= 0.002) (P< 0.001). Symptoms of PCOS such as irregular cycle (P< 0.001) and hirsutism (P< 0.001) in the study group were greater than the control group. Sleep problems such as drug use (P= 0.048), late sleep (P= 0.024), and sleep adequacy (P= 0.049) were also higher in the study group than control group.
Conclusion: These results indicate that environmental factors can easily effect on the quality of life in PCO women. The pattern of sleep is not desirable. Menstrual disorder effects on the mood and the impact of the low income generates negative emotions and affects their quality of life, since the cost of treatment for infertility is high for the low-income families. Therefore, this study indicates that having proper weight and proper sleep can help to plan a correct pattern of lifestyle in these patients.
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Type of Study: Original Article |

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