Volume 76, Issue 1 (April 2018)                   Tehran Univ Med J 2018, 76(1): 74-78 | Back to browse issues page

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Pourali L, Vatanchi A, Ayati S, Hamidi A, Zarei Abolkheir A. Molar twin pregnancy with a live coexisting triple X fetus: case report. Tehran Univ Med J. 2018; 76 (1) :74-78
URL: http://tumj.tums.ac.ir/article-1-8672-en.html
1- Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.
2- Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran. , vatanchia@mums.ac.ir
Abstract:   (2663 Views)
Background: Complete molar twin pregnancy with coexisting fetus is a rare and important diagnosis in obstetrics. Preeclampsia, preterm labor and life-threatening vaginal bleeding are the serious complications of this type of pregnancy. Gestational trophoblastic neoplasia should be ruled out after termination of pregnancy. In this study we reviewed a molar twin pregnancy with a live coexisting triple x fetus which has not been reported till now.
Case Presentation: Our case was a 22-year-old primigravida woman and 17-18th week of pregnancy, who referred to an University Hospital in Mashhad, Iran with complaint of vaginal bleeding On October 2016. Her first trimester ultrasonography in 13th week of gestational age, reported a live single fetus with an anterior great placenta and cystic formation regarding molar pregnancy. According to above-report, Amniocentesis was done in 15th weeks of pregnancy and its result was triple X. After severe and life-threatening vaginal bleeding, she underwent an emergent hysterotomy. A fetus with no obvious anomaly and a great hydropic and vesicular placenta delivered. Episodic crisis of her blood pressure was best controlled with anti-hypertensive drugs. In our case, chemotherapy with methotrexate was started after poor decline of βHCG titration and definite diagnosis of gestational trophoblastic neoplasia. Remission was completely achieved after four courses of chemotherapy.
Conclusion: Differentiation between complete molar pregnancy with live fetus and partial mole is always challenging in obstetrics. Serious complications as preeclampsia and severe vaginal bleeding may become life-threatening. Coexisting molar pregnancy should be ruled out in a pregnancy associated with frequent and unexpectant vaginal bleeding. Amniocentesis and an expert radiologist can help to differentiate them. Following these patients is very important to reveal any trophoblastic neoplasia.
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Type of Study: Case Report |

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