Volume 77, Issue 2 (May 2019)                   Tehran Univ Med J 2019, 77(2): 82-91 | Back to browse issues page

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Zalvand R, Yaseri M, Mosadeghrad A M, Tajvar M. Determinants of maternal mortality in Iran 1990-2015: a longitudinal study. Tehran Univ Med J 2019; 77 (2) :82-91
URL: http://tumj.tums.ac.ir/article-1-9634-en.html
1- Department of Health Management and Economics, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
2- Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
3- Department of Health Management and Economics, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. , mtajvar@tums.ac.ir
Abstract:   (2528 Views)
Background: Identifying determinants of maternal mortality is essential in developing appropriate health policies for reduction of maternal death. This study aimed to determine the determinants of maternal mortality in Iran during 1990- 2015 and also to identify the trends of these determinants during the same period.
Methods: This is a quantitative longitudinal study that has been conducted at the Tehran University of Medical Science, Iran, from March to December 2018. Initially, a long list of determinants (n=32) were identified through a comprehensive systematic reviews. Variables with more than 25% missing data were omitted and the missing values for remaining variables were estimated through statistical methods. The data for the identified variables were gathered through internal sources including Iran’s Ministry of Health and international sources including the websites of World Bank, World Health Organization and United Nations. Finally, 12 indicators as determinants of death were constructed after data processing and data management and their associations with maternal mortality rate in Iran were examined through regression analysis.
Results: Maternal mortality rate has been reduced by 80% during 1990- 2015 in Iran. Improvement of indicators including employment status, total health expenditure share (as a percent of GDP), vaccination coverage, urbanization, access to health and welfare facilities, GDP per capita and political performance played a significant role in reduction of maternal deaths according to the multivariate analyses. A reduction in out of pocket payment and total fertility rate also showed a significant association with lower maternal mortality. However neither education level in the country nor life expectancy at birth showed an important role in the maternal mortality rate.
Conclusion: Maternal mortality rate was reduced significantly in Iran during the last quarter of the century. Maternal death is not only affected by health and biological factors of mothers, but also, by macro-economic, social and welfare factors. A high political performance of the countries also is a grantor of better health of mothers and the community in general.
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