Volume 67, Issue 10 (1-2010)                   Tehran Univ Med J 2010, 67(10): 743-747 | Back to browse issues page

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Zehtab M J, Mirbolook A R, Syavashi B, Shahrezayi M, Mirmostafa M. Risk of infection after open leg fractures: a survey in 66 patients. Tehran Univ Med J. 2010; 67 (10) :743-747
URL: http://tumj.tums.ac.ir/article-1-5602-en.html
1- Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Sina Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences.
2- Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Sina Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences. , drmirbolok_ac@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (3973 Views)
Background : Open fractures are associated with an increased risk of infection and healing complications. Management of open fractures is based on the following principles: assessment of the patient, classification of the injury, antibiotic therapy, debridement and wound management, Fracture stabilization, early bonegrafting, and supplemental procedures to achieve healing.
Methods : In a case- control retrospective study we evaluated 33 patients with open tibial fracture (type two gustillo) who were admitted in sina General hospital in Tehran, Iran during years 1999-2009 and were treated uniformly with external fixation as primary treatment in our center as case group and the other 33 patients with the same method and another 33 patients who had not been infected as control group. W e compared the folders of case and control groups retrospectively. 
Results : There was no statisticant difference between two groups in mean age, gender, the mechanism of trauma and body mass index (p >0.05 ), while statistically significant difference between them in smoking habitus, blood transfusion, first debridment time, diabet mellitus, femoral shaft fracture (p <0.05 ).
Conclusions: Accompanying femoral fracture is the sign of high energy trauma and it is logical that it is an important risk factor for infection. In our study the time of the first debridment stablished as a significant factor influencing the infection rate in tibial open fracture. In some studies smoking had been recognized as a significant factor influencing in tibial bone open fracture our study reveals the same.
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