Volume 73, Issue 6 (September 2015)                   Tehran Univ Med J 2015, 73(6): 462-467 | Back to browse issues page

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Ebrahimian R, Tasa D. A patient with isolated pancreatic tuberculosis: case report. Tehran Univ Med J 2015; 73 (6) :462-467
URL: http://tumj.tums.ac.ir/article-1-6834-en.html
1- Department of General Surgery, Beesat Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, Hamadan University of Medical Science, Hamadan, Iran
2- Department of General Surgery, Beesat Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, Hamadan University of Medical Science, Hamadan, Iran , davodtasa@gmail.com
Abstract:   (6060 Views)
Background: Although Tuberculosis (TB) is prevalent in developing countries, visceral TB is rare. Most cases of pancreatic tuberculosis are seen in association with disseminated TB (miliary) but isolated pancreatic infection is very rare. Especially when present in immunocompetent hosts. In clinical and radiological evaluation, pancreatic TB may present as a pancreatic abscess, acute or chronic pancreatitis, and cystic or solid pancreatic masses, so can confused with neoplasm in most cases. Case presentation: In winter of 2013, a 52-year-old woman was admitted to this hospital with epigastric pain. She also mentioned a history of weight loss during previous three months. Liver transaminases and total bilirubin were within normal range. Chest X-ray performed was negative for any cardiopulmonary process, and lung fields were noted to be clear. A purified protein derivative (PPD) skin test for tuberculosis yielded an induration of less than 1 centimeter. An abdominal CT- scan with IV and oral contrast was done. A 2×2 cm mass was seen in the pancreatic head. A diagnostic laparotomy was done. Conclusion: During surgery, a completely necrotic mass was in the pancreatic head. samples were sent for frozen section. The tuberculosis granuloma was diagnosed. Four drug anti-tuberculosis medication was started and continued for six months. Repeat imaging of the abdomen performed 6-months after the initiation of anti-TB therapy revealed complete resolution of the pancreatic mass, and antitubercular therapy was discontinued after a 6-month duration. Pancreatic tuberculosis can present with a variable spectrum of imaging findings. Furthermore, TB should be considered as a cause of any suspicious pancreatic lesion, especially in patients from areas where the infection is endemic.
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